This World Heart Day, let’s pledge for a healthy heart and healthy life. Park Group of Hospitals brings you some quick tips to make your heart even more strong. The best way is to Move your Heart and get on your feet and step out. We all know, a little workout or exercise routine is good for health and gives us healthy heart. Here are some quick tips to keep you healthy and fit.
Running – a 30 minute routine of running can do wonders to you and your fitness. It not only helps you maintain your weight but also brings charm to your personality.
- Helps reduce weight
- Improved cardiovascular and respiratory health
- Reduced total blood cholesterol
Walking – half an hour of brisk walk boosts your metabolism and maintains a healthy weight. Get to the field and get walking!
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Prevent heart disease
- Maintains blood pressure
Jogging – a 20 minute of jogging session improves the blood circulation and maintains your blood pressure.
- Improve cardiovascular fitness
- Burn plenty of kilojoules
- Help maintain a healthy weight
Swimming – Get to the waters and swim for at least 45 minutes lowers your body stress, builds stamina and strengthens your body muscle.
- Keeps your heart rate up but takes some of the impact stress off your body
- Builds endurance, muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness
- Helps maintain a healthy heart and lungs
Skipping – 200 skips daily tones your upper and lower body and gives you leaner and fitter look. A toned body with strong muscles improves health and bone density.
- Improves Heart Rate
- Tones Muscles in Lower and Upper Body
- Keeps a Check on Osteoporosis by Improving Bone Density
Cycling – Cycling to your work or school is a natural treatment for your diabetes improving the cardiovascular functionality.
- Improved Cardiovascular Function
- Diabetes Treatment
- Lower Cancer Risk
Heart Disease Facts – India
“Healthy heart has been a major concern for India as a nation. According to reports (September 2016) by www.healthsite.com and www.heart.org, it is estimated that 17.5 million people die each year in India from cardiovascular diseases, amounting to a staggering 31% of all deaths worldwide. 80% of all cardiovascular deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes, 74% of urban Indians are at risk of cardiovascular diseases. There are around 40 million heart patients in India of which 19 million reside in urban areas and 21 million belong to rural India. This suggests that heart diseases are fast becoming an epidemic in India and a structured solution is needed to combat this issue.”
Heart diseases can be classified into 5 major types:
- Coronary artery heart disease affects the arteries to the heart
- Valvular heart disease affects the functioning of valves which regulate the blood flow in and out of the heart
- Cardiomyopathy affects the heart muscle squeezes
- Heart rhythm disturbances (Arrhythmias) affects the electrical conduction of the heart
- Heart infections are the situations where the heart develops structural problems before birth
Coronary heart disease is a situation when the cholesterol plaque builds up inside the coronary artery walls. Gradually, this plaque blocks the artery reducing the blood flow through it. Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle and coronary artery disease occurs when there is a buildup of cholesterol plaque inside the artery walls. Over time, this buildup of plaque may partially block the artery and decrease blood flow through it. A heart attack occurs when a plaque ruptures and forms a clot in the artery causing a complete blockage. That part of the heart muscle that is denied blood supply starts to die.
Classic signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease may include:
- Chest pain (angina) – This pain may radiate or move to the arm, neck or back
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
Not all people with coronary artery disease have chest pain as a symptom. Some may have signs and symptoms of indigestion, or exercise intolerance where they cannot perform activities that they normally once could. Coronary heart disease is initially diagnosed by patient history and physical examination. ECG blood tests, and tests to image the arteries and heart muscle confirm the diagnosis. Treatment for coronary heart disease depends upon its severity. Many times lifestyle changes such as eating a heart healthy diet, regular exercise, no smoke along with a regular check on high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes may limit the artery narrowing.
A surgical procedure for tumour close to the functionally important part of brain
– By Dr. Manish Kumar MBBS, DNB (Neurosurgery)
An awake craniotomy is a surgical operation carried out similarly to any conventional craniotomy however in this surgery the patient is awake during the procedure. Awake Craniotomy is one of the most preferred techniques for operations for excision of tumors which involve or are close to the eloquent regions of the brain. This technique of craniotomy allows the neurosurgeons to test the brain region before incision / excision along with a regular check on the patient’s functionality during the surgery. An awake Craniotomy minimizes the risk for the patient during the operation.
Awake Craniotomy Process
A drip is inserted in patient’s body for the purpose of giving local anesthesia when the patient is in the anesthetic room. The local anesthesia comforts and relaxes the patient body after which the patient is taken to operation theatre where the Neuronavigation system is used to mark areas for incisions (cuts). Through the line incision, small amount of hair would be shaven off for clear incision and to avoid infection. The patient will be in a slightly numb state however being able to hear surrounding noises and move limbs. After the incision is done the brain area is exposed Cortical Mapping is performed.
“Establishing the relationship between various structures of the brain and their functions, Cortical Mapping is a technique used in neurosurgery to determine which parts of a diseased brain may be safely excised.”
Post operation and removal of tumour the bleeding is stopped the thick membrane around the brain is closed with the help of sutures. Mini plates are used to replace the bone flap and to close scalp. The skin is stapled to close the wound and apply a head bandage.
Post Awake Craniotomy
The recovery period is much shorter for the patients of awake craniotomy compared to conventional craniotomy. The patient is able to consume food and liquid and move around. The discharge is usually the same day after surgery or after a day once the neurosurgeon confirms. It takes few weeks to completely recover after any major surgery. In case of Awake Craniotomy, for first few weeks, the patient might suffer from headaches which can be controlled with general painkillers. There are chances of dizziness, and it is must to rest properly. A little exercise or walk is however generally preferred.
Consult your doctor in case, you see following symptoms:
- Progressively worsening headaches
- Fever & Rashes
- Wound problems
- Weakness or Numbness
- Increasing drowsiness
Complications after Awake Craniotomy Surgery
The risks for the Awake Craniotomy are similar to that of conventional surgery, however there is also a chance of seizures during the surgery which might require the awake surgery to be transformed into conventional surgery with general anesthesia. Surgeries are always risky and while the awake surgery is considered to be a safer option, the slight risk involved depends on the factors like size, location and the type of tumour along with patient’s generic health and medical history.
Complications after awake surgery include, however not exclusive to:
- Temporary or permanent paralysis of limbs or loss of speech
- Blood clot
- Brain swelling
Chikungunya is one of the similar diseases to dengue, yet is more harmful
Chikungunya is another viral disease which spreads by mosquito bites. The dengue mosquito Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus bite the human body and spreads RNA virus (Alpha virus Genus of Togaviridal) causing chikungunya. Similar to dengue, there is no specific cure for chikungunya, but relieving symptoms from the affected human body. The disease was first diagnosed in Southern Tanzania in 1952 and affects the areas of Africa, Asia, Indian Sub-Continent and Latin America. The closeness of the human habitation to that of mosquito breeding sites is hazardous.
Chikungunya is caused mainly due to the spread of RNA virus (Alpha virus Genus of Togaviridal) via the bite of Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes.
The onset of illness and symptoms usually take 4 to 8 days; however can be persistent for a longer period of 2 – 12 days.
- Joint Pain
- Abrupt onset of fever frequently accompanied with joint pains
- Painful Muscle
- Headache & Back Pain
Chikungunya Fever Complications:
- The RNA virus can cause acute, sub-acute or chronic disease
- Most patients recover fully, however in some cases the joint pain may continue for months
- There might be cases of eye, neurological and heart complications with gastrointestinal complaints
- In elderly people, this disease can even cause deaths
- Serological test – ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno-absorbent Assays) is performed to confirm the presence of IgM and IgG
- The IgM levels during the disease are highest around the time period of 3 – 5 weeks and usually lasts for 2 months
- The Virological method which is also known as Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), can also be performed to confirm the presence of RNA Virus
Similar to dengue there is no specific treatment for chikungunya. The focus is to relieve the symptoms of the patient. The joint pain is relieved through anti-pyretics, optimal analgesics and fluids. The patient body has to be hydrated all the times to be able to prevent severe damage.