Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder in women where there is cyst formation in the ovaries. These cysts create a hormonal disbalance and generate more androgen(male sex hormone) in women. This can create a problem in a woman’s menstrual cycle system and make it difficult in conceiving. The cause of PCOS is still not very well known, genetics however is often claimed to be one of the major reasons.
One out of five women in India suffer from PCOS and are mostly not aware about it. Women suffering from PCOS can often be a an easy target for heart diseases and diabetes. They are more at risk of cancer of the endometrium. This creates a need for awareness about PCOS and its symptoms.
Symptoms of PCOS:
There are varying symptoms of PCOS and all these symptoms may not appear all at once. They are initially mild but the disease can lead to multiple complications. The symptoms of PCOS include:
- Women with PCOS can have sudden burst out of acnes on their face.
- They tend to gain weight suddenly and also face trouble losing weight.
- Due to hormonal disbalance, women get extra and thick hair growth on face and body.
- Thinning hair on the scalp
- Women with PCOS have irregular periods. Most women with PCOS have less than nine period in a year.
- Heavy vaginal bleeding is also a common symptom of PCOS.
- Mood swings and depression is also a symptom of PCOS.
- High blood pressure
Treatment for PCOS
Proper treatment for PCOS can be done after you visit a gynaecologist who will examine you thoroughly after diagnosing the problem. However there are some ways you can reduce the long term effects of PCOS.
- Adding regular exercise to your daily routine
- If you are overweight, losing some of it can also help you control your PCOS.
- Eating healthy and nutritious food and avoiding food that have high saturated salt.
- Quit smoking
Regular check ups and visit to your doctor can help identify if you are suffering from PCOS. Birth control pills or hormonal therapy are among the common treatment for PCOS that a doctor suggests to get your menstrual cycle on track. Intake of hormones through medicines only helps in keeping your periods regular which suppresses the visible side effects of PCOS. it does not help in lowering the blood sugar and or blood pressure.
Park hospital gynaecologists give you the right treatment for your problem. They try to eliminate all the side effects and the risks that surround PCOS.
Menstrual cramp is the worst things women go through, and yet it is avoided by everyone. The intensity of the cramps obviously varies from one person to another. But in case your cramps keep you from doing the normal daily chores, then it’s time for you to see a doctor and get the right treatment for stomach cramps. Extreme stomach cramps can be a symptom of endometriosis, which is the growth of the cell from the lining of the uterus. It also leads to infertility and painful sex. Despite being a very common problem, it goes undiagnosed for a very long time. Here are some symptoms of endometriosis you must not ignore at any cost.
Symptoms of endometriosis
- The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, especially during menstruation. There are some women who experience pain even if they are not menstruating.
- Women also have longer menstruation cycle, which can last for more than 7 days.
- The menstruation flow is also very heavy, and doesn’t become light even towards the end.
- Urinary disorder, which includes painful urination, frequent urination, diarrhea etc.
- Nausea or vomiting is one of the most common symptoms of endometriosis.
- Painful Sex and infertility are two other symptoms of endometriosis. There are women who also go through multiple miscarriages because of endometriosis.
Here are a few things you didn’t know about endometriosis-
- Endometriosis affects 1 out of 10 women
Despite being a disease which goes undiagnosed for many women, one out of every 10 women have been diagnosed with endometriosis. You must go to the right doctors for dilatation and curettage for the treatment for stomach cramps.
- Higher Pregnancy Complications in Endometriosis Patients
Women with Endometriosis are at a higher risk of complications during pregnancy. It can lead to recurrent miscarriages, problems in conceiving etc. However, if treated on time, you can have a healthier pregnancy. Usually, the doctors for dilatation and curettage use the hormone therapy in order to treat the same.
Endometriosis can either be treated with hormonal therapy or laparoscopic surgery. The way the hormonal balancing is done varies from person to person. The medical history is studied and different methods are used in order to treat the same. If none of the other treatments work, laparoscopic surgery is the best possible treatment for Endometriosis.
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Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the patient has abnormal formation of the hemoglobin; this further leads to improper oxygen transport, and destructs red blood cells. Blood transfusion is one of the treatments for thalassemia, and the patients have to get the blood transfusion done on a regular basis.