Past few years, death toll has been on a rising side due to one of the deadly diseases – Dengue.
Dengue, as we all know, is one of the few deadly diseases which springs up in rainy season and takes away many lives in the tropical regions of the world. The major areas affected due to this disease are Latin America, Part of South Africa and South East Asia. Talking about our country, India, the death toll rose to 1200 during 2016 in the national capital region of the country making the nationwide toll to approximate 10,000. Dengue virus becomes active during the monsoon season which starts in July and ends in September in India. During these three months the dengue virus affects many lives across the nation. With this article, Park Hospital has made an effort to educate and spread awareness about this deadly virus and diseases to help people take preventive measures and protect themselves from Dengue fever.
Dengue Fever Causes: Dengue fever is caused due to four genetically similar viruses which are carried by Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes to human body. These viruses are transferred from Mosquito to human body and then can be again transferred to mosquito from human body during incubation period (before symptoms starts appearing).
Dengue Symptoms: The dengue fever symptoms take around 4 – 15 days to appear after the mosquito bite. The common dengue symptoms are:
- Painful Muscle
- Bone and joint aches
- Chills / Sweating
- Rashes / Red Spots
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
- Back Pain
- Loss of Appetite
Dengue Fever Complications: Generally dengue fever lasts from 7 – 10 days, however, sometimes it can turn out to be more serious disease and need special care and attention.
- Hemorrhagic: This is usually found in people under 15 years of age but can be present in an adult as well. The major symptoms for this condition are easy bruising in gums and gastrointestinal tract. This serious condition is also known as Dengue Hemor Fever.
- Dengue Shock Syndrome: This is the deadliest stage of the dengue fever which can even lead to death in some cases. The symptoms to take care of are severe abdominal pain, heavy bleeding and dripping blood pressure.
How to Diagnose Dengue Fever: There is a common test carried out by all hospitals and diagnostics centre to confirm the presence of dengue virus in human body i.e. CBC (Complete Blood Test). The CBC dengue test takes in account the number of platelets and white blood cells, the lower the number the higher the risk of virus. There are situations, when the dengue fever confirmation is not possible with just CBS Test, as the symptoms (fever, rashes, headache, and low platelets) are similar to few other diseases like pneumonia, typhoid, and malaria. In such situations, there other tests available to confirm if the patient is affected by the dengue virus or not. These are:
- Blood and Urine Culture
- Spinal Tap
- MAC-ELISA Assay (Immunoglobulin M-based Test)
- Viral Plaque Reduction Test
- PCR Test
Dengue Treatment: There is no fixed vaccination or medicine for treating dengue fever. It can be cured by self limited remedy that means can be cured with care and diet change. The patient needs to be hydrated all time and can be given painkillers to lower the body pain. Only thing to remember here is that Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs) are to be avoided as they might lead to high pressure.
In cases of Hemorrhagic and Dengue Shock Syndrome the condition of the patient starts deteriorating with platelet count dipping quickly. In such cases, the patient needs intensive care measures like:
- V.Fluid Hydration
- Blood Transfusions
- Platelet Transfusions
- Blood Pressure Support
In generic, Papaya leaf extract is also suggested to improve the blood platelet count. Stay Tuned to the blog, for our next article on details regarding Preventive Measures for Dengue Fever.