The onset of the rainy season has given a steady push to mosquito breeding, which is followed by a host of serious diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and malaria. Countless people fall prey to such diseases, and hospitals get swarmed with patients suffering from these. Dengue and malaria often prove fatal if not treated at the right time with the proper treatment while chikungunya too tends to develop into something serious unless taken care of.
The most challenging part of these water-borne diseases is that they are difficult to diagnose considering they all have similar symptoms. Hence, in a situation like this, knowledge and awareness seizes paramount importance. To fight back these diseases, you must have a comprehensive understanding of their symptoms, risk factors, and preventions. Assembled below are symptoms you need to watch out for along with some dos and don’ts.
Symptoms of dengue
- Fever for the initial 3-4 days
- Acute body pain
- Retro-orbital pain i.e. pain behind the eyes
- Reduced urine output
Symptoms of malaria
- High fever accompanied by shivering
- Retinal damage
Symptoms of chikungunya
- Excessive body pain (usually more severe than the body pain in dengue)
- Joint pain
- Muscle pain
Dos and Don’ts for the prevention of these diseases
Because no medical solution or vaccine can prevent these diseases it is essential you follow the below-mentioned preventions to keep yourself safe:
- The first and the foremost, avoid being bitten by the mosquitoes. Wear fully covered clothes and apply mosquito repellant on all the exposed skin areas.
- At home, you can use camphor to keep mosquitoes away. Light it and leave it in the room for good 15-20 minutes.
- Keep your surroundings clean. Ensure there is no water stagnation near your area for they serve as excellent breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
- Change the water in containers that hold water like your coolers, flower vase, tanks, etc., every once a week.
- Keep your house clean and hygienic.
- Drink lots of fluids and keep yourself hydrated.
- Get tested promptly if you feel any of the above symptoms being manifested
- If you are using mosquito repellant, do not use them on palms or near your mouth and eyes.
- Do not use mosquito repellant for children below two years of age. For those above two years, use a repellant with having 10% DEET.
- Do not wear very dark colored clothes, as mosquitoes are attracted to dark solid colors. Also, avoid wearing tight clothes.
Park Hospital is the best multi-specialty hospital in Delhi and Gurgaon, where you get quality treatment from some of the best doctors onboard. These doctors not only provide you with the best treatment if you are infected with diseases like dengue, chikungunya, and malaria but also offer thoroughly useful consultation sessions where they advise you on how to keep yourself safe from these ailments.
Rainy season is often a much awaited time, wherein people look for relief from the hot, scorching summers but if we are not alert towards the dangers that this season brings, this happy season might just become a nightmare for you. So, stay safe and healthy and enjoy rains (with caution).