orthopaedic doctors

Everything you need to know about back pain; Causes & Symptoms

  • Everything you need to know about back pain; Causes & Symptoms

Back pain can be very uncomfortable and debilitating sometimes. It can stop you from working and make you bother with your daily schedule.

The problem can be very disturbing and may have different causes, which are mentioned below:


The major reason for upper & lower back pain is a strain, tension, and injury. Here are some frequent causes of back pain:

  • Muscle tension
  • Damaged disks
  • Sports injury or fractures
  • Lifting heavy weight improperly or with wrong postures

Movement & Posture

Usually, backache can be the result due to adopting poor posturing while working in the office on a seat.

Let’s get to know about detailed posture activities related to back pain problems:

  • Bending for long hours while working on a computer
  • Muscle tension
  • Regular coughing & sneezing
  • Straining the spine forward while driving
  • Long driving sessions, especially in the driving profession
  • Pushing or lifting something heavy
  • Over-stretching
  • Sleeping on a hard mattress that doesn’t support the body posture

Structural problems

  • Ruptured disks

A ruptured disk can cause pressure on a nerve in our spine, which can be resulting in back pain.

  • Bulging disks

Like a ruptured disk, a bulging disk can also make a pressure on a nerve and form sever back pain.

  • Arthritis

Osteoarthritis can impact the comfort in your hips, lower, back, and other joints. In rare cases, the space around the spinal cord reduces, which is known as spinal stenosis.

  • Osteoporosis

When bones or vertebrae of the spine become brittle and porous, can make compression fractures, resulting in pain.

  • Kidney problem

Kidney stones or infections may cause backache.

  • Sciatica

When a sharp pain starts from your buttock and travels down to the back of your leg, can be caused by bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.

Symptoms of back pain

The primary symptom is ache or pain anywhere in the back and sometimes in the buttocks and legs.

It is okay if the back pain goes away on its own, else you need treatment or go to see a doctor if it combines with the following symptoms:

  • Frequent fever condition
  • Inflammation or swelling on your back
  • Pain that reaches below your knees
  • Weight loss
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Numbness around the buttocks or anus
  • Numbness around the genitals

How to diagnose the reason for back pain?

A doctor always asks some questions like the frequency & intensity of pain, about injuries, or some medical condition you are going through.

Secondly, if the condition doesn’t look normal to the doctor, he/she will ask you to go through X-Ray, MRI, or CT scan to know the state of soft tissues in the back.

Bones scan are referred to detect bone tumours or compression fractures and Electromyography or EMG can also be conducted to know the condition of muscles.

Park Hospital has a dedicated orthopaedic unit to counter all your back pain problems and the latest diagnostic machines and equipment facilitated to diagnose the problem. Highly experienced orthopaedic doctors are appointed to perform all complicated surgeries to providing the best treatment.

Latest treatment procedures for sports injuries

  • Latest treatment procedures for sports injuries

The type of treatment that a player will get depends on the type of injury. A sportsperson goes through multiple injuries during his/her career. From the minor strains to the serious bone injuries, there are many sports injuries can happen through an athlete’s career. Some of them require a basic medical attention, while some of them need immediate surgeries.

Here are the common sports injuries mentioned below:

  • Broken arm or wrist
  • Back pain
  • Broken Ankle
  • Cartilage Damage
  • Broken Knee Ligament
  • Heel Pain
  • Severe Head Injuries
  • Shoulder Pain
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Dislocated Shoulder
  • Sprains & Strains

Surgical Procedures

Severe and serious injuries require surgical procedures. The serious injuries may include badly broken bones, broken ligaments, and cartilage damage. The badly broken bones may require wires, plates, screws, or rods to correct the physicality and functioning.

There are two types of surgical procedures that an athlete might need to treat his injury. Those surgical procedures include; open surgery and arthroscopic surgery.

Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally-invasive procedure and highly-efficient technique for rectifying joint problems. In Arthroscopic surgery, small incisions are made to insert Arthroscope – a small camera, and other surgical instruments.

Benefits of Arthroscopic surgery:

  • Smaller incisions are made
  • Less post-operative pain
  • Less scarring
  • Faster recovery

Not only athletes, but this treatment procedure is also a good option for those who want to get back to their normal life or work as soon as possible.

Common or famous sports knee injuries and their treatments:

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears

The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four primary ligaments in our knee. Despite being the smallest of the four ligaments, it allows our knee to rotate. When your anterior cruciate ligament is injured, your knee becomes unable to bend or function to its full extent.

Causes of sprained or broken ACL sports injuries:

  • Sudden change in the movement
  • Incorrect landing techniques while jumping or running
  • The abnormal force applied to the front or back of the knee

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Tears

The posterior cruciate ligament is quite similar to the ACL, which connects the thigh bone to the shin bone. Despite being little larger and longer than the ACL, it is still tearable. The PCL injury leads to the experience of knee instability. This makes walking and bearing weight becomes difficult to handle for your knee.

Meniscus tear

The meniscus is the part of your bone that makes a cushion between your femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone). Each knee joint contains 2 meniscus. No matter you are an athlete or not, the meniscus tear can happen to anyone.

Causes of a meniscus tear:

  • A sudden or pivot turn
  • Heavy weight lifting
  • Weak muscles

Head off to the Orthopaedic and joint replacement department of the Park Hospital Gurgaon, where the best orthopaedic doctors perform the most advanced surgeries and treatment procedures to rectify sports injuries.

There can be many causes for your ligament injuries in your knees and other joints, but the expert supervision of experienced orthopaedic doctors at Park Hospital is always ready to give the best treatment.

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