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Everything you need to know about back pain; Causes & Symptoms


Author: admin

Date: 20 December 2020

Back pain can be very uncomfortable and debilitating sometimes. It can stop you from working and make you bother with your daily schedule.

The problem can be very disturbing and may have different causes, which are mentioned below:


The major reason for upper & lower back pain is a strain, tension, and injury. Here are some frequent causes of back pain:

  • Muscle tension
  • Damaged disks
  • Sports injury or fractures
  • Lifting heavy weight improperly or with wrong postures

Movement & Posture

Usually, backache can be the result due to adopting poor posturing while working in the office on a seat.

Let’s get to know about detailed posture activities related to back pain problems:

  • Bending for long hours while working on a computer
  • Muscle tension
  • Regular coughing & sneezing
  • Straining the spine forward while driving
  • Long driving sessions, especially in the driving profession
  • Pushing or lifting something heavy
  • Over-stretching
  • Sleeping on a hard mattress that doesn’t support the body posture

Structural problems

  • Ruptured disks

A ruptured disk can cause pressure on a nerve in our spine, which can be resulting in back pain.

  • Bulging disks

Like a ruptured disk, a bulging disk can also make a pressure on a nerve and form sever back pain.

  • Arthritis

Osteoarthritis can impact the comfort in your hips, lower, back, and other joints. In rare cases, the space around the spinal cord reduces, which is known as spinal stenosis.

  • Osteoporosis

When bones or vertebrae of the spine become brittle and porous, can make compression fractures, resulting in pain.

  • Kidney problem

Kidney stones or infections may cause backache.

  • Sciatica

When a sharp pain starts from your buttock and travels down to the back of your leg, can be caused by bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.

Symptoms of back pain

The primary symptom is ache or pain anywhere in the back and sometimes in the buttocks and legs.

It is okay if the back pain goes away on its own, else you need treatment or go to see a doctor if it combines with the following symptoms:

  • Frequent fever condition
  • Inflammation or swelling on your back
  • Pain that reaches below your knees
  • Weight loss
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Numbness around the buttocks or anus
  • Numbness around the genitals

How to diagnose the reason for back pain?

A doctor always asks some questions like the frequency & intensity of pain, about injuries, or some medical condition you are going through.

Secondly, if the condition doesn’t look normal to the doctor, he/she will ask you to go through X-Ray, MRI, or CT scan to know the state of soft tissues in the back.

Bones scan are referred to detect bone tumours or compression fractures and Electromyography or EMG can also be conducted to know the condition of muscles.

Park Hospital has a dedicated orthopaedic unit to counter all your back pain problems and the latest diagnostic machines and equipment facilitated to diagnose the problem. Highly experienced orthopaedic doctors are appointed to perform all complicated surgeries to providing the best treatment.

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